This website tells the story of a Nigerian-British citizen named David Oluwale, from his origins in Nigeria to his death in Leeds, UK, in 1969. David arrived in Hull in East Yorkshire in 1949 as a stowaway in a cargo ship from Lagos. Like all migrants, David travelled in hope of a brighter future. We describe his relatively good experience in Leeds, in the north of England, from 1949 to 1953 where he worked re-building post-war Britain and enjoyed the night life of this developing city. From 1953 to 1969 he endured mental ill-health, homelessness, racism, destitution and police persecution, culminating in what we believe to be his drowning on 18th April 1969 in the River Aire, near Leeds Bridge, at the hands of two policemen. There is a much longer account of David’s life and death on the WHERE section of this website.

A painting by the artist Lynne Arnison based on the police photo of David Oluwale.
The police photo of David Oluwale: the only original image we have

Jane Storr painting the sculpture by Alan Pergusey based on David Oluwale’s photo for the King David Oluwale presentation at Leeds West Indian Carnival 2017. Photo © Max Farrar

The #RememberOluwale charity

The DOMA narrative

#RememberOluwale, listed in the register of charities as The David Oluwale Memorial Association (DOMA), offers a positive response to David Oluwale’s story that returns to David’s hopeful start. We acknowledge that the city of Leeds has made great strides since 1969. We aim to help the city in coming to terms with its past, to improve its care for those who remain marginalised, and to promote compassion, cohesion, inclusion and social justice in Leeds. We utilise all types of art to offer vitality and creativity in our collective effort to make a better future for all. Our flagship project, the David Oluwale memorial garden, will be a place of performance and play, beauty and growth.

DOMA’s charitable objects are: To promote equality, diversity and racial harmony for the public benefit in Leeds specifically and the UK in general, in particular but not exclusively by any or all of the following means:
1) educating the public about the life and death of David Oluwale;
2) educating the public on the progress the City of Leeds has made towards justice for ethnic minorities and humane treatment of the homeless and destitute, and  combating the stigma of individuals experiencing mental ill health.
3) educating the public on what more needs to be done to achieve full racial justice and humane treatment of the homeless and destitute in Leeds, and to combat the stigma of individuals experiencing mental ill health.

DOMA began in 2008 as a committee developed by Professor Max Farrar in the Community Partnerships and Volunteering Office at Leeds Metropolitan (now Beckett) University. In 2012 it was established as an independent charity and a company limited by guarantee.

DOMA is a charity registered with the UK Charities Commission. (Registered Charity Number 1151426 David Oluwale Memorial Association.) DOMA is also a company limited by guarantee registered at Companies House (England and Wales) (Company number: 8107693).

DOMA’s Annual Reports

For each Annual General Meeting DOMA prepares a full Annual Report that provides details of our activities in the previous year, and includes our Accounts. Click on any of the reports in the list below to get a full picture of who we are and what we do.

Annual Report and Accounts 2022-23

Annual Report and Accounts 2021-22

Annual Report and Accounts 2020-21

Annual Report and Accounts 2019-20

Annual Report and Accounts 2018-19

Annual Report and Accounts 2017-18

Annual Report and Accounts 2016-17

Annual Report and Accounts 2015-16

Annual Report and Accounts 2014-15

DOMA Patrons and Board

DOMA Patrons:

Caryl Phillips is a world-renowned writer born in St Kitts and brought up in Leeds. One of his many books, Foreigners (2007), includes the story of David Oluwale. He originated the campaign for a memorial to David Oluwale in Leeds. He is the Founding Patron of DOMA.

Ruth Bundey is a solicitor who has lived and worked in Leeds since 1969, initially for the Race Relations Board and then as a criminal and immigration expert. Currently her main focus is on inquests where there has been a death in custody.
Ruth Bundey
L-R: Writers Glyn Maxwell, Imtiaz Dharker and Caryl Phillips (DOMA Founding Patron) at The Leeds Library (13.10.17 at David Oluwale’s Leeds).
Photo © Max Farrar

DOMA Board Members:

Abdullah Adekola is writer and poet from Leeds. He has several years of experience in adult social care and a diploma in social work. He is interested in anti-racism and mental health recovery. adekola.bigcartel.com

Abdullah Adekola
Victoria Ajayi is the Chair of Nigerian Community Leeds. She is a Contract & Procurement Manager for the National Health Service in Leeds. Victoria has a particular interest in securing compassionate services for people with mental health issues.
LinkedIn Profile

Victoria Ajayi
Mariam Sadikot is currently working towards becoming a qualified Chartered Accountant. Before that, she graduated from the University of Leeds with a BA in Economics and Politics and an MA in International Development. She has experience in audit and accounts, and hopes to combine that with her interest in cultural and racial inclusion, as well as future developments for promoting equality.
LinkedIn Profile

Mariam Sadikot
Peter Hindle-Marsh is an internationally qualified accountant and investment professional and is Managing Director of Mailway Packaging Solutions. He also runs Spadina Capital where he advises ambitious companies of all sizes on business strategy, fund raising and acquisition and disposal transactions. Peter is the charity’s treasurer.
LinkedIn Profile

Peter Hindle Marsh
Asher Jael is a researcher and worker in the youth and community development sector. His professional interests are in the use of arts for social change. His expertise has been developed with further education at Leeds Beckett University, including Peace Studies, Black British history, psychogeography, and activism.

Photo © Gavin Morris
Ellie Montgomery has a BA and an MA in English Literature from the University of Leeds. A former president of the University’s English Society, she is keen to raise student engagement in cultural events around Leeds which focus on issues of race and ethnicity. Ellie manages the RememberOluwale Newsletter.
LinkedIn Profile

Ellie Montgomery

Dr Max Farrar has been involved in grass-roots politics in Leeds since 1968. In the 1980s he worked at the Harehills and Chapeltown Law Centre. His book 'The Struggle for Community’ (2002),is based on his PhD research on the black-led social movements that formed Chapeltown (Leeds), in the 1970s, 80s and 90s. His most recent book is a biography of Arthur France MBE, who organised the picket of Leeds Crown Court in 1971 when David Oluwale's murderers were on trial: 'Speaking Truth to Power' (Hansib 2022). He is an emeritus professor at Leeds Beckett (formerly Metropolitan) University. Max is secretary to the Board. www.maxfarrar.org.uk

Dr Max Farrar. Photo © Olivia Leibovic Farrar.
Cllr Abigail Marshall Katung is Leeds City Council’s member for the Woodhouse ward. She is the lead councillor on black and minority ethnic issues. She has a Masters degree in Development Studies from the University of Leeds and is the founder and managing director of 1st Resource Ltd, specialising in medical and international recruitment. Abigail is a mentor for the Prince’s Trust Mosaic programme.Cllr Abigail is Co-Chair of The DOMA Board.
LinkedIn Profile

Abigail Marshall Katung
Dr Emily Zobel Marshall is Senior Lecturer in Postcolonial Literature at the School of Cultural Studies at Leeds Beckett University. Emily is particularly interested in race and identity politics, migration and forms of cultural resistance and cross-cultural fertilisation in the face of colonialism, with a particular focus on the Caribbean. Emily is Co-Chair of The DOMA Board.
Academic profile

Dr Emily Zobel Marshall. Photo © Ashley Karrell (Panotical)
Chloë Hudson has a broad background from a varied career at Leeds Beckett University where, as Head of Exchanges, Study Abroad & Volunteering, she and her team set up an international volunteering programme enabling staff and students to develop themselves and find their passions with some amazing community partners around the world. Chloë is a jack of all trades and is Co-Secretary to DOMA doing all kinds of things from boosting our merchandise, organising events and improving our financial planning.

Chloe Hudson. Photo © Gavin Morris
Meleri Roberts With over 15 years experience in the charitable sector, Meleri is passionate about social justice, developing campaigns and using creative interventions to raise awareness. As Development and Engagement Manager at Leeds Civic Trust, Meleri has proudly worked with DOMA for many years to oversee the installation of David Oluwale's blue plaque. Meleri is also interested in charitable governance.

Meleri Roberts.

Some members of the DOMA Board receiving an award from Keith Madeley (centre) President of the Yorkshire Society (23.3.16) Photo © Naiha Kamiya

King David Oluwale and his Migrant Masqueraders at the Leeds West Indian Carnival (28.8.17). A Harrison Bundey Mama Dread masquerade titled All Ah We Are Migrants. Photo © Dave Goodfield

DOMA Policies

We make every effort to follow best practice in governance of the charity. We have adopted these policies on Safeguarding, Volunteers and Data Protection, as advised by Duncan Milwain, the solicitor to our Board. They may be inspected and downloaded here:

GDPR (Data) policy
Safeguarding policy
Volunteer policy
Declaration of Interests
Risk Assessment

DOMA Consultants:

DOMA has benefited from the contribution of these consultants over the past few years:

Sue Ball MAAP. Sue directed and produced the launch event for DOMA held in January 2013 on the site for David’s Kitchen Garden. A review of the event appeared on the Culture Vulture web-site here.

Pippa Hale is a practising artist with a special interest in connecting people and places. She co-founded The Tetley Centre for Contemporary Art and Learning in Leeds. In 2019 her Play Rebellion artwork The Baltic in Gateshead drew huge numbers of visitors. Since 2017 she has been advising the Board on the commissioning of world-class public art for the David Oluwale Memory Garden.

Melanie Abrahams FRSA is a curator and producer who has channelled a love of words and books into art and escapades. She’s the founder of independent organisations Renaissance One and Tilt, which make regular use of live events, tours and commissions to highlight the diverse canons of British and international literature. In 2018 she was the guest curator at the Brontë Parsonage; ran a long-term mentoring and wellbeing programme for artists and practitioners, and curated a Caribbean Festival of Literature and Liming at the British Library. She worked with the DOMA Board on the events in April 2019 that marked 50 years since David Oluwale was killed in Leeds.

Pam Bone is an independent adviser for the cultural industries. She has secured significant funding to enable new and refurbished arts buildings, artistic and learning programmes and individual projects. She advises organisations on strategic and business planning including fundraising, capacity building and resource development. Prior to this she was employed in senior management roles in performing arts organisations, major theatre venues and the funding system. She is  currently a trustee of the Theatres Trust. In 2019 Pam became our fund-raising and Board development consultant.

DOMA Advisers

DOMA’s Advisory Committee:

Dr Emma Bimpson worked as a housing practitioner before completing PhD research on local housing welfare systems under austerity. She also has experience working within supported housing services for people experiencing mental ill health and substance addiction, and is currently a researcher at the Centre for Regional and Economic Social Research (CRESR), Sheffield Hallam University.
Emma's professional profile.

The Rt Hon John Battle is a retired Member of Parliament for Leeds West (1987-2010) and is now an active volunteer for a number of organisations in Leeds and nationally. For several years he was chair of the DOMA Board and it’s possible he will rejoin the Board in the future.
Profile link here.

Ian Duhig A former homelessness worker, Ian has written seven books of poetry, most recently ‘The Blind Roadmaker’ (Picador 2016). A Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and a Cholmondeley Award recipient, Duhig has won the Forward Best Poem Prize once and the National Poetry Competition twice and been shortlisted for the TS Eliot Prize four times. Ian has published five poems referring to David Oluwale. His ‘Aroko for David Oluwale’ will be installed on a plaque in the Mary Seacole Garden on Chapeltown Road, Leeds, on 9th October 2021. More about Ian here.

Saphra Bennett is a facilitator, trainer and Art of Hosting Practitioner with both academic and experiential understanding of some of the most pressing social issues in multicultural and socially diverse communities. She has knowledge and experience of developing and delivering projects on racial justice, gender inequality, and leadership and aims to take an asset-based community development approach to her work. She has a Masters degree in Childhood Studies and over ten years’ experience working with children and young people in education and community development, both locally, nationally and internationally.  Her current focus is working primarily with women and girls across Leeds, hosting conversations to encourage honest, authentic connections through deep listening, on the issues that really matter to them. LinkedIn profile

Max Dunbar lives and works in Leeds and has been involved as a grants advisor in community campaigns, most recently Hyde Park Unity Day.

Ian Duhig is a former homelessness worker who still works with socially excluded groups alongside his other artistic projects as a writer and editor. A Cholmondeley Award recipient and Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, Duhig has written seven collections of poetry which include several elegies for David Oluwale, as well as mixed-media publications, site-specific commissions and interventions which frequently reflect issues related to David’s fate and DOMA’s work.
Wiki link

Arthur France, MBE is a retired engineer.  He was a member of the original David Oluwale Memorial committee from 2008 to 2012. Arthur is a founder of the United Caribbean Association (in 1964); founder and Chair of the Leeds West Indian Carnival (since 1967); a founder Leeds West Indian Supplementary School (1970s); Chair (since 1985) of the Leeds West Indian Centre (founded 1982). For these and many other achievements he was awarded the MBE in 1997, an honorary doctorate at Leeds University in 2015, and an honorary doctorate at Leeds Beckett University in 2018.
National Archive

Mahalia France-Mir is Marketing Officer (North) for the Churches Conservation Trust. She has worked as a fund-raiser for the Stroke Association and as a learning manager at Harrogate Grammar School. She also contributes to interfaith work and community development.
LinkedIn Profile

Sam Kapasa is an Artist and Architect who works at the intersection where architecture, art, music and technology meet; through built spaces, temporary interventions and speculative ideas. His art practice is unified by an aim to promote intrigue and interaction between strangers in cities. His work celebrates existing communities and sparks opportunities and spaces for new ones to form.

Mike Love co-founded and works with Together for Peace, a local charity that brings together diverse people to generate cooperative projects that tackle local or global issues. A former solicitor, he is vice-chair of the Stronger Communities partnership board of the Leeds Initiative, chair of Leeds Christian Community Trust, and a trustee of Left Bank Leeds.
Professional Profile

Sai Murray is a poet, writer, facilitator and graphic artist at Liquorice Fish. His book Ad-liberation was published by Peepal Tree Press in 2013. Sai was a founding Board member and Trustee of DOMA, 2012-19.
Professional Profile

Yosola Olajoye established and co-ordinated Leeds DynaMix, group of young people with refugee origins. She was a Board member of DOMA. She is now a director Braich Goch- Red Arm, a resource and residential centre for critical and popular education, sanctuary space and a community hub for individuals, community-based groups and organisations that are seeking to find ways to work together to combat the sources and effects of inequality, poverty, discrimination and oppression at local, national and/or international levels while building a foundation of allyship.

Duncan Milwain is a solicitor with expertise in law relating to charities and the social economy. For several years he was a member of the DOMA Board, advising us on legal issues, including our policy statements. He is a Trustee of the Real Junk Food Charitable Foundation and is a Board member of St George’s Crypt. He now works for a social enterprise in Bradford.

Chijioke John Ojukwu works for Leeds University Students’ Union as its political engagement officer. He is a poet and a peace educator.

Martin Patterson is Director of Special Projects St George’s Crypt, serving the homeless in Leeds. Martin is the founding chairperson of DOMA.
LinkedIn Profile

Michelle Scally Clarke grew up in Leeds and is now a poet, playwright, writing and creative workshop leader and performer. Her books include  I am and  She is.  Her work has appeared in anthologies such as Out of Bounds, Next Stop Hope, Tangled Roots, The Identity Papers and Trading Roots.
LinkedIn Profile

DOMA’s founding chairperson, Martin Patterson, now on DOMA’s Advisory Committee, with Lord Mayor Cllr Anne Castle at the launch of DOMA near the Leeds Bridge on 23rd January 2013. Photo © Max Farrar

Sai Murray, second from left, founding DOMA Board member, now DOMA Adviser, with members of the Royal Blood trio and a participant at the RememberOluwale Symposium, Leeds Beckett University (17.5.15) Photo © Max Farrar

DOMA Partners

The DOMA charity has thrived on a very small income because it always works in partnership with organisations that broadly share its values and its aims. In many cases, these partner organisations have made contributions in kind to our events which save us lots of money and are crucial to our success. We are very grateful to them and we look forward to continued partnership activities.

We have had much support from:

  • Leeds Beckett University (School of Cultural Studies and Humanities, School of Art, Architecture and Design, School of Social Sciences)
  • Leeds 2023 Year of Culture
  • Leeds City Council
  • Leeds University (School of English, School of History)
  • Arts Council England
  • Nigerian Community Leeds
  • Leeds West Indian Centre
  • The Tetley Centre for Contemporary Art
  • Leeds Inspired
  • The Forward Arts Trust
  • Group Ginger Architects
  • St George’s Crypt
  • The Big BookEnd
  • Leeds Literary Festival
  • Fictions of Every Kind
  • Virtual Migrants
  • Touchstone
  • Leeds Asylum Seekers Support Network
  • Leeds DynaMix
  • Utopia Theatre
  • Stand Up to Racism
  • Together for Peace


Further Information and Contacts

web: www.rememberoluwale.org
Facebook: www.facebook.com/RememberOluwale
Twitter: @RememberOluwale
YouTube: RememberOluwale
Instagram: RememberOluwale

Further reading on David Oluwale

On the WHERE page you will find a chronological account of the life of David Oluwale, showing where he lived and what happened year by year.

David Oluwale in notes

David Oluwale’s life and death, a two page guide

David Oluwale’s life and death, a twelve page guide

Here are some articles to read which provide more detail and analysis of David’s life and death.

This article about David Oluwale is about 2,000 words long. It was published in 2017 by the Africans in Yorkshire project based in Hull. Written by Max Farrar, DOMA Secretary.

This chapter in a book summarises much of the published work on David Oluwale’s life. It sets out the argument why the Remember Oluwale charity believes that David Oluwale was killed by two Leeds policemen in 1969. By Max Farrar, DOMA secretary (2018) It’s long (about 13,000 words).

Leeds’ United Caribbean Association in the 1960s and 70s led protests against the racism black people encountered. This cutting from the Yorkshire Evening Post in 1969 describes one of their actions.

RememberOluwale poetry workshop at Roscoe Methodist Church in Leeds (8.4.17). The charity uses the arts to promote its aims. Photo © Max Farrar

David Oluwale arrived in Hull in 1949 as a stowaway on the MV Temple Bar from Lagos. This cutting from the Hull Daily Mail, 7th January 1950, gives a flavour of the reception David Oluwale experienced.

David Oluwale: list of sources

Here is a list of further reading for students, journalists and researchers on the David Oluwale story. We welcome advice on how this list may be improved.

Books and longer articles

Ron Phillips (1972) ‘The Death of One Lame Darkie’ Race Today, January. Available here: Ron Phillips Race Today 1972

Kester Aspden (2007) Nationality: Wog — The Hounding of David Oluwale, London: Jonathan Cape. 2nd edition (paperback) The Hounding of David Oluwale (Penguin, 2008) Available second hand via Abe books and new from good bookshops.

Caryl Phillips (2007) Foreigners – Three English Lives, London: Harvill Secker. Chapter 3 sets out the David Oluwale case. Available from the publisher or via Abe books.

Caryl Phillips (2015) The City by the Water. Available here. Phillips McLeod The City By The Water.

SJ Bradley (ed) (2016) Remembering Oluwale - an Anthology, Scarborough: Valley Press.
More information about the book here. Available from the publisher or direct from us (email rememberoluwale@gmail.com)

Max Farrar (2018) on memory and martyrdom: This chapter summarises much of the published work on David Oluwale’s life. It sets out the argument why the Remember Oluwale charity believes that David Oluwale was killed by two Leeds policemen in 1969. (It is from a book about secular martyrdom, and discusses whether David Oluwale might be considered a ‘secular martyr’.) It’s long (13,000 words)

Shorter articles

An excellent summary is Kester Aspden’s Legacy of Hate, The Guardian Unlimited, published in 2007 when the first edition of Kester’s important book about David Oluwale was published (see above).

Kester Aspden's book The Hounding of David Oluwale (see above) is an indispensable, fully detailed account of David's life and death. He continues to write about David, and here are two of his recent essays.

'The Long Hours: Remembering David Oluwale' (2020)
'Will Leeds atone for David 0luwale?' (2022)

This article about David Oluwale is quite short (2,000 words) It was published in 2017 by the Africans in Yorkshire project based in Hull. By Max Farrar, DOMA Secretary.

This is quite a long essay on David Oluwale that includes information on the racism prevalent in Leeds during the 1960s. It summarises the argument about whether or not David was killed by two Leeds policemen in 1969. By Max Farrar, DOMA Secretary (2016). (About 3,500 words)

Neil Wilby’s article (2014/2015) on the website The Justice Gap summarises David’s story well and makes important points about the trial of Ellerker and Kitching, including the trial’s inability (unwillingness?) to make anything of the racist aspects of David’s case.

The academic Tony Kushner has discussed David’s story alongside that of other West Africans who stowed away and arrived in Britain in the early 1950s in his book The Battle of Britishness – Migrant Journeys 1685 to the Present (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2012). You can read the relevant chapter here.


Harry Meadley made this six excellent minute film for us, supporting the installation of a Blue Plaque for David Oluwale in 2002. It tells David’s story and explains his significance.

Ashley Karrell made a series of films for us of the 50th Anniversary events we held in 2019. Please visit our You Tube Channel to see people like Linton Kwesi Johnson, Jackie Kay, Ian Duhig, Zaffar Kunial and others performing their work and reflecting on David Oluwale. You’ll also see the ceremony we held at David Oluwale’s graveside. Please subscribe to our channel!

Corinne Silva’s film ‘Wandering Abroad' reflecting on David Oluwale was exhibited by Leeds City Art Gallery in 2009. DOMA projected this film onto a gable end at its launch event in 2013, and included it in the #DavidOluwale50th events in April 2019, commemorating 50 years since his death.

‘We Are All Migrants’, a film directed by Rowenna Baldwin and made by Masters students at the Norther School of Film and Television at Leeds Beckett University, features King David Oluwale and his Migrant Masqueraders at the Leeds West Indian Carnival in 2017. A trailer and updates on film screenings are located here

Spoken Word - David Oluwale / Empathy is a short film about David Oluwale made in 2016 by Harry Flanagan, with the spoken word artists Ade Kola, Taiwo Ogunyinka and Kim Ho. You can watch it here

Eclipse Theatre produced a three minute filmed trailer for the Hounding play with Daniel Francis playing David, which can be viewed here.


Singer/songwriter Gary Kaye promoted on You Tube his song about David Oluwale, ‘Mo Fe Lo Le‘ in 2013 (original version 2009).

Oluwale (#City Songs 1) by Sail Roads was published on You Tube in 2012.

Slide show

A 2017 Slide Show for “Conversations in Black History” organised by the Leeds University History Departmentaccessed here via DropBox.


Jeremy Sandford, Smiling David, (London: Caldar & Boyers, 1974). The text of his BBC radio play is available via Abe Books
The Hounding of David Oluwale adapted for the stage by Oladipo Agboluaje (Oberon Modern Plays 2009). Directed by Dawn Walton Click here for the Guardian’s review of this play at the West Yorkshire Playhouse.


Linton Kewsi Johnson’s poem ‘Time Come' appeared on his CD (with the Dennis Bovell band) Forces of Victory (Island Records, 1979). His refrain was ‘When you kill Oluwale / I did warn you’. LKJ’s 1975 poem ‘Night of the Head’ referencing ‘Oluwale’ as a ‘victim of terror’ appeared in his collection of poems titled Dread, Beat and Blood (London: Bougle l’Overture publications, 1975). An album with Dennis Bovell appeared in 1978 with the same title.
Linton Kewsi Johnson
The Leeds-based poet Ian Duhig included two poems arising from David’s story in his acclaimed collection Pandorama (Picador 2010): ‘Flooding Black’ and ‘from The Masque of Blankness’.

Zodwa Nyoni, while a member of Leeds Young Authors, can be seen reading her poem ‘A Letter for Mama Oluwale’ in November 2011See it here.

A group of writers called the F-words responded to the David Oluwale story in FWords: Creative Freedom (Peepal Tree Press, 2007). It was a creative project to commemorate the Parliamentary Act, 200 years ago to abolish the British Slave Trade. click here to read reviews and order a free copy.

Dave Whittaker posted his poem for David Oluwale on this Facebook page on 23rd April 2013.

Keep Up To Date with #RememberOluwale

RememberOluwale uses Facebook, Twitter and Instagram to provide information published today that relates to the issues that marked David’s life: mental ill-health, homelessness, racism, destitution and police malpractice. David was a British citizen who migrated here, so we also provide information relating to those seeking refuge in the UK. We give credit to the city of Leeds for the progress it has made since David’s days. But there is so much more to be done. Our aim, always, is to help the city of Leeds become more inclusive, more just, more hospitable and more equal. Please go to our social media to find out about current campaigns.

David Oluwale Memorial Association. A registered charity No. 1151426. A company limited by guarantee No. 8107693.